what makes a bear market

what makes a bear market插图

Prolonged drop in investment prices
A bear market is defined by aprolonged drop in investment prices— generally,a bear market happens when a broad market index falls by 20% or more from its most recent high. There can be bear markets for a market as a whole,such as in the DowJones Industrial Average,as well as for individual stocks.

What causes a bear market?

What Causes a Bear Market?There are several different causes for a bear market:Economic slowdownsIncreasing unemploymentInvestor sentimentBad company earningsFalling stock pricesAsset bubblesGlobal manufacturing slowdown2008 financial crisis: unforeseenCoronavirus: unforeseen

What constitutes a bear market?

What Is A Bear Market? The generally accepted definition of a bear market is a market whose value has declined 20% or more from a recent high point, typically over a period of at least 2 months. Bear markets are generally paired with economic recession and a more conservative attitude among investors.

Is a bear market good or bad?

Bear markets are bad for investors who are long in the market and good for investors who are short in the market. However, because it is difficult to predict the beginning of a bear market and when it would end, most investors get caught up in it before they could plan for it. There are a lot of things you may not know about bear markets.

What is the meaning of bear market?

Bear markets are defined as sustained periods of downward trending stock prices, often triggered by a 20% decline from near-term highs. Bear markets are often accompanied by an economic recession and high unemployment, but bear markets can also be great buying opportunities while prices are depressed.

What Is a Bear Market?

A bear market is when a market experiences prolonged price declines. It typically describes a condition in which securities prices fall 20% or more from recent highs amid widespread pessimism and negative investor sentiment.

What are the best ways to make money during a bear market?

Short selling, put options, and inverse ETFs are some of the ways in which investors can make money during a bear market as prices fall.

How long does a bear market last?

Bear markets can last for multiple years or just several weeks. A secular bear market can last anywhere from 10 to 20 years and is characterized by below-average returns on a sustained basis.

How to make gains in bear market?

Investors can make gains in a bear market by short selling. This technique involves selling borrowed shares and buying them back at lower prices. It is an extremely risky trade and can cause heavy losses if it does not work out. A short seller must borrow the shares from a broker before a short sell order is placed. The short seller’s profit and loss amount is the difference between the price where the shares were sold and the price where they were bought back, referred to as "covered."

What are some examples of bear market?

For example, changes in the tax rate or in the federal funds rate can lead to a bear market. Similarly, a drop in investor confidence may also signal the onset of a bear market. When investors believe something is about to happen, they will take action—in this case, selling off shares to avoid losses.

How did the bear market get its name?

Just like the bear market, the bull market may be named after the way in which the bull attacks by thrusting its horns up into the air.

What are the signs of a weak economy?

The signs of a weak or slowing economy are typically low employment, low disposable income, weak productivity, and a drop in business profits. In addition, any intervention by the government in the economy can also trigger a bear market. For example, changes in the tax rate or in the federal funds rate can lead to a bear market.


A bear market describes a sustained period of time where stocks, securities, or assets continue to decrease. It’s a market condition where falling prices are caused by economic decline, consumer pessimism, and negative investor sentiment. A bear market is the opposite of a bull market, where prices are increasing.

What is a bear market?

According to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), a bear market occurs when prices fall steeply by 20% or more over at least a two-month period. A decrease between 10% and 20% would mean a market correction phase and a drop between 5% to 10%, a pullback .

How long do bear markets last?

Full-blown bear markets can last anywhere from weeks to months or even years and can be either cyclical or long-term – a full-blown down market is when prices are experiencing prolonged declines that span across several years.

Secular vs. Cyclical bear markets

As down markets can last anywhere from weeks to years, the length defines the type of a bear market: a secular or a cyclical bear market .

4 stages of the economic cycle

A down or a bear market can describe any asset classes affected by the economic cycle that can either gain or lose value over time. All of which are characterized by a cyclical rise and fall in prices across the four economic cycles – expansion, peak, contraction, and through .

4 stages of a market cycle

The two terms, a business cycle, and a market cycle are often confused and used interchangeably. However, while the business or economic cycle refers to the economy as a whole, a market cycle describes fluctuations specifically in the stock market.

Bear market vs. Market correction vs. Pullback

Important: Let’s briefly touch upon these three terms, as they are helpful to know when making your investment decisions. Assuming the market will drop into a full-blown bear can lead to panic, poor decision-making, and early selling of shares. But price fluctuations in the market are normal and can be less severe.

What is a bear market?

A bear market is typically defined as a 20% drop from recent highs. The most common usage of the term is to refer to the S&P 500 ‘s performance, which is generally considered a benchmark indicator of the entire stock market.

What is the difference between a bull market and a bear market?

One important distinction is the difference between a bull market and a bear market rally. A bull market is a sustained uptrend in stocks — and one that typically results in new all-time highs being reached. On the other hand, a bear market rally refers to a rise in stock prices after the plunge into a bear market, …

What are the two things that need to occur before a bull market can be declared?

To be precise, two things generally need to occur before a new bull market can be declared: a rise of 20% from recent bear market lows and new all-time highs in the benchmark indices.

What was the financial crisis of 2008?

2008-2009 financial crisis: Due to a wave of subprime mortgage lending and the subsequent packaging of these loans into investable securities, a financial crisis spread across the globe in 2008. Many banks failed, and massive bailouts were required to prevent the U.S. banking system from collapsing.

What is the opposite of a bear market?

A bull market is essentially the opposite of a bear market. Bull markets occur when there is a sustained rise in stock prices, and they are typically accompanied by elevated consumer confidence, low unemployment, and strong economic growth.

What is the worst thing you can do in a bear market?

Think long term: One of the worst things you can do in a bear market is make knee-jerk reactions to market movements. The average investor significantly underperforms the overall stock market over the long run, and the primary reason is moving in and out of stock positions too quickly.

How often do bear markets occur?

Bear markets are quite common. Since 1900, there have been 33 of them, so they occur every 3.6 years on average. Just to name the three most recent notable examples:

What happens when the stock market turns bearish?

But when the market turns bearish, almost all stocks within it begin to decline, even if individually they’re reporting good news and growing earnings.

Why are bonds important?

Bonds. Bonds also are an attractive investment during shaky periods in the stock market because their prices often move in the opposite direction of stock prices. Bonds are an essential component of any portfolio, but adding additional high-quality, short-term bonds to your portfolio may help ease the pain of a bear market.

Why is it important to have a well diversified portfolio?

That’s why a well-diversified portfolio is key. If you’re invested in a mix of relative winners and losers, it helps to minimize your portfolio’s overall losses.

Why invest in consumer staples ETF?

For example, investing in a consumer staples ETF will give you exposure to companies in that industry, which tends to be more stable during recessions. An index fund or ETF offers more diversification than investing in a single stock because each fund holds shares in many companies.

How to tell if a bear market is pending?

One of the best ways to determine whether a bear market is pending is to watch interest rates. If the Federal Reserve lowers interest rates in response to a slowing economy, it’s a good clue that a bear market could be on the way. But sometimes a bear market begins even before interest rates are lowered.

What is the difference between a bear market and a bull market?

While a bear market is when stock prices drop by 20% or more, a bull market is when stock prices rise by 20% or more. During bull markets, investors tend to be optimistic and reward even modestly good news with higher stock prices, fueling an upward spiral.

How long does it take for a bear market to go down?

A bear market can signal more unemployment and tougher economic times ahead. Bear markets tend to be shorter than bull markets — 363 days on average — versus 1,742 days for bull markets.

Why did the bear market start in 2020?

The bear market that started in March of 2020 began due to a number of factors , including shrinking corporate profits and, possibly, the sheer length of the 11-year bull market that preceded it. The immediate cause of the bear market was a combination of persistent worries about the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world economy and an unfortunate price war in oil markets between Saudi Arabia and Russia that sent oil prices plunging. 3

What were the bear markets in the past century?

Some of the biggest bear markets in the past century include those that coincided with the Great Depression and Great Recession.

What happened to the bear market before the recession?

Bear Markets Before Recessions. In three other bear markets, the stock market decline began before a recession officially got underway. The dotcom crash of 2000 to 2002 also was spurred by a loss of investor confidence in stock valuations that had reached new historic highs.

What is bear market?

Bear markets are defined as sustained periods of downward trending stock prices, often triggered by a 20% decline from near-term highs. Bear markets are often accompanied by an economic recession and high unemployment, but bear markets can also be great buying opportunities while prices are depressed. Some of the biggest bear markets in the past …

How long does a bear market last?

Another definition of a bear market is when investors are more risk-averse than risk-seeking. This kind of bear market can last for months or years, as investors shun speculation in favor of boring, sure bets. Several leading stock market indexes around the globe endured bear market declines in 2018.

What is the longest time horizon for investing?

The longest time horizon for investors is usually the time between now and whenever they will need to liquidate their investments (for example, during retirement), and over the longest-possible term, bull markets have gone higher and lasted longer than bear markets.

How long did the stock market decline in the late 1960s?

Stock market declines of 29.3% in the late 1960s and 42.6% in the early 1970s, lasting 1.6 years and 1.8 years, respectively, also began ahead of recessions and ended shortly before those economic contractions bottomed out.

What Is a Bear Market?

A bear market is when prices of securities fall sharply, and a sweeping negative view causes the sentiment to further entrench itself. As investors anticipate losses in a bear market and selling continues, pessimism grows. Although figures can vary, for many, a downturn of 20% or more in multiple broad market indexes, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) or Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (S&P 500), over at least a two-month period, is considered an entry into a bear market.

How to limit downside losses in bear market?

While few investors cheer the arrival of a bear market, there are some smart strategies that an otherwise long investor can use to make the most of it. Getting defensive and buying protective puts is one way to limit your downside losses.

What does selling naked put mean?

Selling a naked put involves selling the puts that others want to buy, in exchange for cash premiums. In a bear market, there should be no shortage of interested buyers. When you sell a put contract, your hope is that the put expires worthless at or above its strike price .

How to limit downside losses?

Getting defensive and buying protective puts is one way to limit your downside losses.

What is put option?

A put is an option that represents rights for 100 shares, has a fixed time length before it expires worthless, and has a specified price for selling. If you buy puts on the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500, and Nasdaq and the market declines, your puts will gain in value as these indexes are falling.

What happens if the stock market falls 10%?

Oftentimes, during a bull market, a 10% correction will cause Wall Street cheerleaders to calm the public with, "Hold on, don’t panic, buy more." They may suggest buying dividend stocks as a hedge. But if you go all-in when the market falls 10%, and then it falls another 40% or 50%, that 5% dividend is often a very small consolation in light of the money you’ve lost.

What are defensive stocks?

Sometimes the precious metals, like gold and silver, outperform. Food and personal care stocks —often called “defensive stocks”—usually do well. There are times when bonds go up as stocks decline. Sometimes a particular sector of the market, such as utilities, real estate, or health care, might do well, even if other sectors are losing value.

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